After his victory at the Battle of Sekigahara, Tokugawa Ieyasu undertook a national road-building programme with Edo (present-day Tokyo) as the focal point. Five major highways led from the new centre, Edo, all over the country with lodgings and stables at various points along the routes to cater for travelling officials and the transportation of goods on horseback. After 1635 CE regional feudal lords (daimyo) were required by law to reside every alternate year in Edo. The post stations which sprung up on the highways accommodated the daimyo travel parties on their way to and from Edo. With the development of a cash economy and the threat of conflict gone, by the middle of the Edo period, ordinary citizens participated in the business of travel. There were, however, many restrictions including travel for commoners being limited to making temple and shrine pilgrimage journeys. Travel guides were made sold folded and compact for better portability whilst travelling.