0.04 Programs

Kabuki programs are generally classified into three categories. JIDAI-MONO, SEWA-MONO, and SHOSAGOTO. JIDAI-MONO is the program whose stories are based on the events occoured before the Sengoku Period (15C-16C). In contrast, SEWA-MONO deals with the events occoured after the Sengoku Period. SHOSAGOTO is the program that focuses on dance.

In the Edo Period, the Tokugawa Shogunate had strong authority, so it was prohibted to perform a non-fiction story themed on the event occoured after 1600 (the period that the Tokugawa Shogunate held a political power), because it can be regarded as political criticism. However, there was no regulation to create a story based on the actual incidents or people as fiction story, so producers often changed the historical backdrop and names of the characters to escape the regulation. Title of the program also implied which event was themed so that audiences can easily guess.

Thus, at that time, every audience understood this political circumstance and hidden theme of the story. This tacit understanding between audiences and producers is called SEKAI (which means world), and Kabuki was founded on this common understanding.