H05 Yoshitsune Senbon-zakura (Chunori)
Artist: Toyokuni the first Oban, Colour print, the of triptych
Published: ca.1815(Bunka 12), Edo
Ritsumeikan Art ResearchCenter (arcUP4086)
The stage effect named "Chu-nori" or "Chu-zuri" which is also commonly known as "Fuwa furwa" is lifting an actor's body in the air, allowing him to move above the stage and Hanamichi (actors' pathway), and showing his floating in the air to spectators. In the mechanic of Edo period, an actor in a special suit called "Renjyaku" was suspended with a rope which is fastened with a wooden cart called "Geta" attached on the ceiling of the stage which was called "Sunoko". The cart ran along with a ditch curved on the ceiling and drove him. However, because many accidents occurred because of this method, it is no longer used. In modern stage equipment, wire rope is used instead of rope and iron instruments is introduced instead of wooden tools.
"Chunori" enables to represent the supernatural characters effectively, such as Yokai (monstrous creatures), ghosts, and foxes. This picture describe the last scene of "Yoshitsune Senbon-zakura" which contains "Chunori". "Genkuro Kitsune" (a fox) which is named after the historical hero Minamoto Yoshitsune slays the enemies with his magical power and receives a hand drum made of his parents' skin as a reward from a heroine. When he have it, he is so pleased and he go away as floating in the air. (,)
服部幸雄著 『歌舞伎をつくる』 １９９９年 青土社
釘町久磨次著 『歌舞伎大道具師』 １９９１年 青土社